In a land far, far away, there was no modern day internet. Today we: send emails; make calls; share media and information, and develop relationships over the internet. A study by Pew Research Center conducted in December 2015, found that 73% of people who live in the United States use the internet daily.
The internet is everything superficial to us. But in the year 1957, the internet as we know it did not exist. What was the internet like in 1957 and what concepts help shape it into the internet of today?
The Internet in 1957
In the year 1957, computers only worked on one task at a time. This was called batch processing. Computers were extremely large machines and had to be stored in special cool rooms. Developers were not able to work directly with them. This indirect programming leads to many computer bugs.
Remote Connections – The First Step
In 1957, remote connections were installed so developers could work directly on computers.
Time Sharing – Another One
Time sharing is the sharing of the processing power of one computer with multiple users. The idea of time sharing was first introduced in 1957 and became the first concept in computer technology as we know it today.
The Cold War Heats Up The Internet
The next step in the development of the internet was on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union launched the satellite Sputnik 1. This was the Earth’s first official satellite in space. The United States fired back with a technology of their own, DARPA. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, also known as DARPA, was the large scale knowledge transferring system. From DARPA’s central role in the information revolution that helped further the development of ARPANET. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, also known as ARPANET, was an early packet switching network. It was also the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
Packet switching and the protocol suite TCP/IP were fundamental concepts in the development of the internet. Check out the whole history of the internet.